275 Sapientia

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275 Sapientia
Orbital diagram
Discovered byJohann Palisa
Discovery date15 April 1888
(275) Sapientia
Named after
A888 GB, 1906 AB
1962 GE, 1962 HA
Main belt
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 31 July 2016 (JD 2457600.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc124.23 yr (45374 d)
Aphelion3.22294 AU (482.145 Gm)
Perihelion2.31754 AU (346.699 Gm)
2.77024 AU (414.422 Gm)
4.61 yr (1684.1 d)
0° 12m 49.54s / day
Physical characteristics
Dimensions103 km
14.931 h (0.6221 d)

Sapientia (minor planet designation: 275 Sapientia) is a very large Main belt asteroid that was discovered by Johann Palisa on 15 April 1888 in Vienna. It is classified as a C-type asteroid and is probably composed of carbonaceous material. It is named for the Roman personification of wisdom, Sapientia.[2]

Observations performed at the Palmer Divide Observatory in Colorado Springs, Colorado, during 2007 produced a light curve with an estimated period of 14.766±0.006 hours with a brightness range of 0.11±0.02 in magnitude.[3] A 2014 study found a period of 14.931±0.001 hours with a variation of 0.12±0.01 in magnitude. The light curve was found to be irregular, suggesting the asteroid has an irregular shape.[4] On September 30, 2015, the asteroid was observed occulting the 7th magnitude star HIP 14977 from multiple sites in Europe. The resulting chords showed a nearly circular prolate spheroid profile.[5]


  1. ^ "275 Sapientia". JPL Small-Body Database. NASA/Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 11 May 2016.
  2. ^ Schmadel, Lutz D. (11 November 2013). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 9783662066157 – via Google Books.
  3. ^ Warner, Brian D. (September 2007), "Asteroid Lightcurve Analysis at the Palmer Divide Observatory", The Minor Planet Bulletin, Bibcode:2007MPBu...34...72W.
  4. ^ Pilcher, Frederick (January 2015), "Rotation Period Determinations for 275 Sapientia, 309 Fraternitas, and 924 Toni", Bulletin of the Minor Planets Section of the Association of Lunar and Planetary Observers, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 38–39, Bibcode:2015MPBu...42...38P.
  5. ^ Miles, R.; Haymes, T. (December 2015), "Asteroids and Remote Planets Section: Stellar occultation by asteroid (275) Sapientia well seen from the UK", Journal of the British Astronomical Association, 125 (6): 331–332, Bibcode:2015JBAA..125..331M.

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