This article needs to be updated.(December 2018)
|Odakyū Dentetsu kabushiki gaisha|
|Type||Public (kabushiki gaisha)|
|Predecessor||Odawara Express Railway Co., Ltd.|
|Founded||Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan (1 June 1948 )|
|Koji Hoshino, President & CEO|
|Revenue||¥166.445 billion (FY2016)|
|¥39.824 billion (FY2016)|
|Owner||Dai-ichi Life (5.55%)|
Yamanashi Chuo Bank (0.50%)
Tokyu Corporation (0.26%)
JR East (0.12%)
Keio Corporation (0.09%)
Seibu Holdings (0.05%)
Number of employees
|3,593 (as of 2016/8/1)|
The Odakyu Electric Railway Company, Ltd. (小田急電鉄株式会社, Odakyū Dentetsu kabushiki gaisha), commonly known as Odakyū or Odawara Kyuko, is a major railway company based in Tokyo, Japan, best known for its Romancecar series of limited express trains from Tokyo to Odawara, Enoshima, Tama New Town, and Hakone.
The Odakyu Electric Railway Company forms the core of the Odakyu Group, which comprises 101 companies (as of July 14, 2017) and includes the Enoshima Electric Railway, Hakone Tozan Railway, Odakyu Bus, Odakyu Department Store, and Hyatt Regency Tokyo hotel. It is listed on the Tokyo Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the Nikkei 225.
The 83 km (52 mi) line from Shinjuku to Odawara opened for service on 1 April 1927. Unlike the Odawara line, rarely were pre-World War II Japanese private railways constructed with double-track and fully electrified from the first day of operation. Two years later, on 1 April 1929, the Enoshima Line was added.
The original full name of the railroad was Odawara Express Railway Company, Ltd. (小田原急行鉄道株式会社, Odawara Kyūkō Tetsudō kabushiki gaisha), but this was often shortened to Odawara Kyūkō (小田原急行, "Odawara Express"). The abbreviation Odakyu was made popular by the title song of the 1929 movie Tōkyō kōshinkyoku and eventually became the official name of the railroad on March 1, 1941.[page needed]
On 1 May 1942, Odakyu merged with the Tokyo-Yokohama Electric Railway company (now Tokyu Corporation), which controlled all private railway services west and south of Tokyo by the end of World War II.
The company regained its independence on June 1, 1948, and it obtained a large amount of Hakone Tozan Railway stocks, instead of separating Keio Inokashira Line for Keio Corporation. Odakyu restarted Non-stop Limited Express service between Shinjuku and Odawara in 1948. In 1950, Odakyu trains ran through to Hakone-Yumoto on Hakone Tozan Line. Odakyu uses 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) narrow gauge tracks, but the Hakone Tozan Railway is 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge, so one track of the section from Odawara to Hakone-Yumoto (6.1 km (3.8 mi)) was changed to a dual gauge system. Odakyu operated the first Romancecar (1710 series) limited express in 1951.
After the 1950s, due to rapid Japanese economic growth, Odakyu was faced with an explosive increase of population along with its lines. Commuter passengers had to use very crowded trains every morning, and complained strongly with the delay of improvements from the railway company. Odakyu began construction on the - "Shinjuku Station Great Improvement Project" setting 5 lines and 10 platforms long enough for 10 standard commuter cars with service on the Chiyoda Line, among others. Plans for a four-track system in 1964 were prevented by residents of Setagaya Ward in Tokyo, as such the system remains uncompleted. The Setagaya Residents' opposition set the stage for a long-term and remarkable case in the courts and legislature. Odakyu could not take main part of transport from Tama New Town Area, though Odakyu started the operation of Tama Line in 1974. To serve its Mukōgaoka-Yūen Amusement Park, Odakyu operated the Mukōgaoka-Yūen Monorail Line between Mukōgaoka-Yūen and Mukōgaoka-Yūen-Seimon (1.1 km (0.68 mi), 2 stations) beginning in 1966 using a Lockheed Corporation style monorail system; the system was closed in 2001 when the amusement park was shut down.
Since 2000, Odakyū has been adding track in both directions from Izumi-Tamagawa Station, on Tama River, the border station of Tokyo, to just outside Setagaya-Daita Station for expanding the availability of express trains, especially for morning commuter service. The lines between Setagaya-Daita and Higashi-Kitazawa Station are still under construction, however. Odakyu announced that the bottle-neck will be resolved by 2013.
All of its lines are double- or quadruple-tracked within Tokyo Metropolis as of March 2018, a project first decided in December 1964 but due to NIMBY land acquisition difficulties, complex and expensive workarounds were constructed and finished, taking a half century. The main or Odawara Line acts as a bypass route for the Tōkaidō Main Line from Tokyo to western Kanagawa. The Romancecar 3000 series "SE" was tested at speeds of up to 145 km/h (90 mph) in 1957, achieving a world record for narrow gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) lines at the time. These tests also provided important data on high-speed electric multiple units (EMU), which Japanese National Railways (JNR) used for its limited express EMUs, 151 series, and 0 Series Shinkansen introduced in the early 1960s.
Odakyu celebrated its 80th anniversary in April 2007. The 50th anniversary of the Romancecar was celebrated in September 2007.
On 6 August 2021, a mass stabbing incident occurred on one of its commuter services when a man stabbed nine passengers, seriously injuring a woman before trying to ignite a fire on the compartment. The man escaped and was arrested hours later.
|Line||Section||Length (km)||Stations||Date opened|
|Odawara Line||Shinjuku - Odawara||82.5||47||April 1, 1927|
|Enoshima Line||Sagami-Ōno - Katase-Enoshima||27.4||17||April 1, 1929|
|Tama Line||Shin-Yurigaoka - Karakida||10.6||8||June 1, 1974 (in part) |
March 27, 1990 (full)
- Not including the connecting branch between Odawara Line and JR Central Gotemba Line near Shin-Matsuda Station.
- Many Odakyu Tama Line trains (and selected Odawara Line trains from Hon-Atsugi) continue on to the Chiyoda and Jōban lines for Ayase and - Toride stations. This service began in 1978 between Hon-Atsugi and Abiko stations.
- Some Odakyū trains continue on the Odakyu-owned Hakone Tozan Line to Hakone-Yumoto.
- Limited express Mt. Fuji trains travel from Shinjuku through on the JR Central Gotemba Line to Gotemba Station eight times a day.
(As of March 17, 2018 timetable revision)
|Limited Express||特急||Shinjuku, Kita-Senju, and Shin-Kiba to Hakone-Yumoto, Katase-Enoshima, Karakida or Numazu||Odakyū Odawara, Enoshima, Tama; Hakone Tozan; JR Central Gotemba; and Tokyo Metro Chiyoda and Yūrakuchō lines|
|Rapid Express||快速急行||Shinjuku to Odawara or Fujisawa (one service on weekdays to Katase-Enoshima)||Odakyū Odawara and Enoshima lines|
|Express||急行||Shinjuku to Odawara, Katase-Enoshima or Karakida||Odakyū Odawara, Enoshima, and Tama lines|
|Commuter Express||通勤急行||All services operate in the weekday morning rush hour for Shinjuku from Karakida on the Odakyu Tama Line||Odakyū Odawara, Tama Lines|
|Commuter Semi Express||通勤準急||All Services operate in the weekday morning rush hour for Yoyogi-Uehara through to the Chiyoda Line from Hon-Atsugi||Odakyu Odawara Line, Chiyoda Line, Joban Line|
|Semi Express||準急||All services operate between Yoyogi-Uehara and Isehara during the offpeak and evening rush hour||Odakyū Odawara Line, Chiyoda Line, Joban Line|
|Local||各駅停車||In all sections, includes to/from Hakone-Yumoto on Hakone Tozan Line (occasionally between Odawara and Shin-Matsuda)||Odakyū Odawara, Enoshima, Tama; and Hakone Tozan lines|
Romancecar limited express services require a supplementary surcharge.
Limited express service
Shinjuku Station routes
Commuter service is shown on each line's page.
|Station||Japanese||Distance (km)||Super Hakone||Hakone||Sagami||Mt. Fuji||Enoshima||Home Way||Lines|
|Shinjuku||新宿||-||●||●||●||●||●||●||Odakyū Odawara Line|
|Hakone-Yumoto||箱根湯本||88.6||●||●||∥||∥||●||Hakone Tozan Line|
|Yamato||大和||39.9||∥||●||●||Odakyū Enoshima Line|
|Odakyū-Nagayama||小田急永山||28.3||∥||●||Odakyū Tama Line|
|Matsuda||松田||71.8||●||JR Central Gotemba Line|
- Mt. Fuji trains run on the connecting branch line just before Shin-Matsuda from Shinjuku and stops at Matsuda on the Gotemba Line. Matsuda and Shin-Matsuda are treated as the same station.
- Home Way trains run from Shinjuku every evening after 18:00. There is no service to Shinjuku.
Tokyo Metro routes
Commuter services are shown on each line's page.
|Station||Japanese||Distance (km)||Metro Homeway||Metro Hakone||Metro Sagami||Bay Resort||Lines|
|Shin-Kiba||新木場||●||Tokyo Metro Yūrakuchō Line|
|Kita-Senju||北千住||0.0||●||●||●||∥||Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line|
|Odakyū Odawara Line|
|Hakone Tozan Line|
|Odakyū-Nagayama||小田急永山||44.1||●||Odakyū Tama Line|
- At Yoyogi-Uehara, all trains pause, but there is no service for passengers; Odakyū and Tokyo Metro change their operating staff at the station.
- On weekday mornings, Metro Sagami trains run once from Hon-Atsugi to Kita-Senju.
- On weekday evenings, Metro Homeway trains run twice from Hon-Atsugi to Kita-Senju and once from Ōtemachi to Hon-Atsugi.
- On weekends and holidays, Metro Hakone trains run between Kita-Senju and Hakone-Yumoto four times; Metro Sagami (once in the morning) and Metro Homeway (once in the evening) trains also run between Kita-Senju and Hon-Atsugi.
- Once or twice per month, Metro Sagami and Metro Homeway become Bay Resort trains, traveling between Shin-Kiba and Hon-Atsugi. They travel to/from the Tokyo Metro Yūrakuchō and Chiyoda lines.
|●||all trains stop|
|■||some trains stop|
|｜||all trains pass|
|∥||trains do not travel through this section|
- 3000 series "SE" (1957–1991)
- 3100 series "NSE" (1963–2000)
- 7000 series "LSE" (1980–2018)
- 10000 series "HiSE" (1987–2012)
- 20000 series "RSE" (1991–2012)
- 30000 series "EXE/EXEalpha" (introduced 1996)
- 50000 series "VSE" (2005-2022)
- 60000 series "MSE" (introduced 2008)
- 70000 series "GSE" (introduced 2018)
7000 series "LSE"
30000 series "EXEalpha"
50000 series "VSE"
60000 series "MSE
70000 series "GSE"
- 1000 series (introduced 1988)
- 2000 series (introduced 1995)
- 3000 series (introduced 2002)
- 4000 series (introduced 2007)
- 8000 series (introduced 1982)
- 5000 series (introduced 2019)
Odakyu Electric Railway in media
The Odakyu Railway has been included in several Japanese language train simulator programs as well as the English language Microsoft Train Simulator program. Microsoft Train Simulator includes the railway's Odawara and Hakone Tozan lines, collectively referred to as the "Tokyo-Hakone" route, with the 2000 series commuter trainset and the 7000 series "LSE" Romancecar trainset being player driveable. Several "activities", or scenarios, are included.
Various Odakyu add-ins are available for the BVE Train Simulator, a freeware cab view train simulator for Microsoft Windows.
- Ubukata, Yoshio & Morokawa, Hisashi (1988). Odakyu – Color Books No. 768 (in Japanese). Osaka: Hoikusha. p. 148.
- Seidensticker, Edward (1990). Tokyo Rising: the city since the great earthquake. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. ISBN 0-394-54360-2.
- "2014年1月から駅ナンバリングを順次導入します！" [From January 2014, station numbering will be introduced sequentially!] (PDF). odakyu.jp (in Japanese). 24 December 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 October 2022. Retrieved 9 January 2023.
- "小田急グループ、鉄道から海賊船まで通しの駅番号…2014年1月から順次導入" [Odakyu Group, station numbers from railways to pirate ships, Introduced sequentially from January 2014]. Response Automotive Media (in Japanese). 28 December 2013. Archived from the original on 22 June 2020. Retrieved 10 January 2023.
- "9 passengers stabbed or punched on Tokyo train, suspect detained". Kyodo News. 7 August 2021. Retrieved 8 August 2021.
- Lee, A. (2011). Tokyo commute: Japanese customs and way of life viewed from the Odakyu Line. Folkestone, Kent: Renaissance Books.